Grasshoppers are insects that belong to the order Orthoptera. They are known for their long, powerful hind legs, which they use to jump long distances. Grasshoppers are found on every continent except Antarctica, and there are over 20,000 known species. Grasshoppers are herbivorous, feeding on a variety of plants and grasses. They have strong mandibles that they use to chew their food, and a pair of front wings that they use for flying. Grasshoppers also have a pair of hind wings that are used for jumping and for making sound. Some grasshopper species are able to produce loud, chirping sounds by rubbing their hind wings together, a behavior known as stridulation. Grasshoppers have a simple lifecycle, undergoing incomplete metamorphosis as they grow and develop. They hatch from eggs as nymphs, which look like small versions of adult grasshoppers. As the nymphs grow, they go through a series of molts, shedding their exoskeletons and growing larger with each molt. Eventually, the nymphs become adults and are able to reproduce. Grasshoppers are important members of many ecosystems, serving as a food source for a variety of predators and helping to recycle nutrients back into the soil.
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